It tells what something is, its basic characteristics, or its origin. Estar, on the other hand, is used to indicate the location of the person or thing. Now that we’ve added tener into the mix, try this interactive exercise to practice differentiating between tener, ser, estar, and haber all in one. Estar rico = to be tasty: Ser bueno = to be good: Estar bueno = to be tasty or attractive: Ser malo = to be bad: Estar malo = to be ill: Ser listo = to be clever: Estar listo = to be ready: Tener sueñ o = to be sleepy or tired: Estar cansado = to be tired: Tener frío = to be cold (feel cold yourself) Estar frío = to be cold (an object is cold in temperature) Ser And Estar, And Tener 10 Preguntas | By Autsin | Last updated: Jan 11, 2013 | Total Attempts: 1829 Questions All questions 5 questions 6 questions 7 questions 8 questions 9 questions 10 questions How can I tell when to use tener vs. estar right off the top of my head? Ser vs Estar vs Tener: All the Ways to Say “I am” in Spanish. Ser is used to identify or describe. Ser and estar both mean "to be" but are used in different ways. You are tired. Está muerto, okay. Estar is used to tell the location of something or how someone feels. Tener (pronounced teh-nehr, with a soft 'r' at the end) means 'to have'. La fiesta es en mi casa vs. La fiesta está en mi casa. Ser vs. Estar Although they express something similar (the characteristics of a person or thing), ... Make sure to use the right verb: ser, estar, tener. Here are some links you can use to research the subject. I am in the living room. We thus have, apart from the examples with "interés" (noun) and "interesado" (adjective) above, the following: You are soccer players. "tener" will be used with an abstract noun as direct object or as the magnitude (whether implicitly or explicitly stated) to which a certain measurement or dimension refers. Three different verbs are equivalent to the English verb “to be.” For some reason the Spanish see being dead as a temporary state, and therefore always use estar to describe dead things or people. They are siblings. These are idiomatical, but note that for conditions like hunger or sleepiness the alternative with estar + adjective is also valid, as in English: estar hambriento, estar somnoliento , only rarer in actual use. Let me give you some context--- I know to use "tengo medio" for "I have fear/ I am afraid", "Tengo hambre " for "I have hunger/ I am hungry" and " Tiene 100 años" for "She has 100 years/ She is 100". She is Guatemalan. I’m good at football. Just go with it. In English, whenever you are happy, at home, or cold, you use the verb to be (am, are, is) to refer to all three things. "estar" will be used with adjectives. And finally, hacer. If you’re unsure which verb to use, you can always go back to the lesson! Unique Spanish Verbs: Ser, Estar, Haber, Tener, Hacer Written on July 11, 2016 by Elisabeth Hofstad Spanish is a beautiful language that seems to have the perfect, lovely sounding words to describe any idea like poetry. The Verb Tener. For now, just learn the forms for recognition purposes. The baby is afraid. In Spanish hacer also means “to do,” but it can be used to express “to make” as well. Preterite of Tener. 4. 1. vote. Going against our intuition once again, when describing planned events we use ser and not estar, even when describing location. Although it is an extremely common verb, estar can be confusing for many Spanish students because it is usually translated as "to be," just like the verb ser.Although they can often be translated the same way, ser and estar are distinct verbs with distinct meanings and are seldom synonymous. We use the preterite when talking about finished actions in the past, so the preterite of tener would be the equivalent of 'had' in English. Phrases employing tener that cannot be translated literally to English include tener hambre, tener sueño, tener [x] años. Students will need to learn when to use each verb. We are at work. Ser is used to express what something is, while estar expresses where or how it is. In its most basic form, it is used to express possession and necessity. Hacer. It’s dead. Tener on the other hand means "to have" but there are many idiomatic expressions used with all these verbs, so you really can't trust the dictionary in their usage.

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