This drink was taken after it was offered in the rituals of Yajna. Subsequently it was called “Panchanada” (land of five rivers). The “Sukla Yajur Veda” contains the genesis while the “Krishna Yajur Veda” describes the “Vasya” or the philosophy. Everybody was competent to do every kind of work. These weapons were made up of irons. The kingdom was small in extent. The Aryans chanted hymns to appease the various divinities. The dress portion from waist upwards was ‘Basal’ or ‘Paridhana’ (dress). He collected tributes known as “Bali” in kind from his subjects. The head of the sabha was known as ‘Sabhapati’. It has 40 mandals. The Aryans had also domesticated animals like horse, draught OX, dog, goat, sheep, buffalo and donkey. ‘Gopa’ was the head of one ‘jana’. Except for members of the royal court who sometimes adoptee polygamy, monogamy was the order of the day. Prof. Hist believes that the Aryans migrated from Lithuania Europe into Caucasus and from there they entered into Iran. Education of the ‘ days was basically religious. It was based on kinship. Sometimes the girls choose their husband in the ‘Swayamvara’ (assemblage of eligible bachelors) but otherwise the parents of the bride were entrusted with the responsibility of her marriage. The Rigveda give the instance of a loser at the dice-stakes being abandoned by the head of his family to the winner. There are six vedangas. The earliest settlements of Aryans were confined to the valleys of the river Sindh and its tributaries and of the Saraswati and the Drishadvati. The process of sacrifice was simple. The Aryans wandering in search of habitat and green pastures finally settled down to the houses they built. It was placed under a ‘visapati’. ( Log Out /  He helped Indra in scattering away the demons. The ladies were learned and spent their time in song, dance and merrymaking. For example ‘Pider’ and ‘Mader’ in Parsi, ‘Pater’ and ‘Mater’ of Latin, “Father’ and ‘Mother’ of English resemble with ‘Pitru’ and ‘Matru’ of Sanskrit. Reference in Rig-Veda shows, that agriculture was the principal occupation of the people. Then there were blacksmiths who supplied various necessaries of life, from fine needles and razors to the sickles, ploughshares, spears and swords. They also drank intoxicating liquor, known as sura, a brandy made from corn and barley and the juice of soma plant. The Rig Vedic hymns had no consistent theory regarding life after death. This wine could be taken anywhere at any time. and also with the trees like pine, maple, oak, willow, birch etc. Originally, the Aryans seem to have lived somewhere in the area east of the Alps, known as Eurasia. Arya’ literally means the man of ‘noble character’, and the “free-born”. The Vedic worship meant primarily only oblation and prayer. Education was the teacher’s oral teaching. It reflected the basic realities of a village life style. The disciple would get education in the Gurtikula after his sacred thread ceremony. In the work of administration he consulted these two bodies and act according to their decision. This gave rise to social inequalities. The contents of the Vedas have attracted the admiration of the historians and researchers of India and foreign countries. The principal media of trade was barter. Both men and women oiled and combed their hair which war plaited or braided. It reflected the basic realities of a village life style. They lived on cakes made of wheat and maize. Each house had a kitchen, meant for rituals, worship and cooking. Indian History, Vedic Age, Early Vedic Age. The ‘Rishis’ to whom they are ascribed are known as Mantradrasta’. The Vedic education aimed at proper development of mind and body. This education was in high public esteem as it had a special role to play in consolidating the social system. Early-Vedic Social Life. The great Philologist, Schrader accepts South Russia as the original home of Russians from where they migrated to different areas. The Rig Veda consists of ten mandalas or books. Yet, at times he was becoming cruel, as well. After the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization, another glorious civilization flourished in India. Early Vedic Age : Origin, Social Life, Economic Life, Culture and Religion! Various sources of entertainment like playing dice, hunting, wrestling, chariot-racing and war-dances helped them to enjoy their leisure. The flora and fauna with which the Aryans were familiar are not found in Punjab. The garments were also embroidered with gold. (i) The Samhitas or Mantras—these are collections of hymns, prayers, charms, litanies, sacrificial formulas. The idea of single supreme power governing and controlling the universe seems to have emerged. There was no system of veil (pariah system) in the society. Rice was perhaps not extensively cultivated. found in Iraq proves that from Iran a branch of the Aryans moved towards the west. He was required to be ‘Indra’ in valour, ‘Mitra’ in kindness and ‘varuna’ in virtues. These divinities were placed under three categories namely: (1) the terrestrial gods such as Prithvi, Agni, Brihaspati (Prayer), and Soma, (2) The atmospheric gods, such as, Indra, Rudra (Probably lightning), Maruts, Vayu (wind) and Parjanya and. The theory of reincarnation or rebirth was not completely formed. Travelling was common though roads were haunted by taskara (highway men) and forests were infested by wild animals. Varuna was regarded as the good of truth and moral order. Gradually they occupied the whole of Uttarapatha, the loan between Himalayas and the Vindhyas and from the western seas to the east were called as Aryavarta. Rig Veda mentions about various tribes such as Bharatas, Matsyas, Krivis, Tritsus. What was the social condition of the Rig-Vedic Aryans? They drank ‘Samaras’, the intoxicant juice of soma tree. The Aryans of the Rig-Vedic age attached a lot of importance to education. Among the vedic gods, Indra occupied the chief place, was given the largest number of hymns—about one fourth of the total number of hymns in the Rig Veda Samhita. The Aryans had simple food-habits. In the work of administration the king was assisted by a number of functionaries like the Purohita (priest), the senani (general) the Gramani (village headman) and the spsa (spies). The fifth ‘Sitka’ of Rig-Veda resembles the Guru Kula with the croaking frogs. But the tribes which acquired great importance are the Purus, Trigvasas, Yadus, Aus and Drahyus. Surya was regarded as the destroyer of darkness. Vedas have been looked upon as the revealed words of God by millions of Hindus. … Again the fertility of Punjab must have attracted immigration. Rig Vedic people spent their leisure time in various amusements like gambling, war—dancing, chariot racing, hunting, boxing, dancing and music. Cows were symbols of wealth and prosperity of the Aryans. A special class of priests known as “Udgator” were to recite its hymns. The gold smiths made ornaments like ear-rings, bangles, necklaces, bands etc. A great value was attached to the hymns. This led to Prof. Giles to suggest the European origin of the Aryans. ( Log Out /  The soul departed to “Land of fathers”, pitralok was received by Yama and rewarded or punished according to its deeds. The practice of ‘Swayamvara’ was also prevalent in the society. Gradually pieces of gold called “mishka” were used as means of exchange. PreserveArticles.com is a free service that lets you to preserve your original articles for eternity. Three types of musical instruments like percussion, string and wind were used by the singers. ( Log Out /  Joint family setup was the conspicuous feature of the Vedic culture. In spite of the patriarchal nature of family, position of women was much better in the Rigvedic period than in the subsequent times. Agriculture was their main source of income. They entered into India from the north-west. These two apart, a third one was used as scarf, known as ‘Adlibs’ or ‘Alma’ or ‘drape’. “Sukla Yajur Veda” and “Krishna Yajur Veda”. Apart from agriculture and animal husbandry Aryans had also other occupation. The teacher (Zachary) would recite the Vedic hymns. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The people who were responsible for the evolution of this civilization called themselves Aryas or Aryarns. Use of manure was known to them. Several janas formed a ‘janapada’ or ‘kingdom’. Member of same family took to different arts, crafts and trades. The king enjoyed a position of pre-eminence in the tribe. Rig-Veda even mentions that twenty four oxen were attached to a plough share at the same time to plough the land. The tribe was referred by the term Jana while a specific clan was called as Vish.

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