Bone protruding through the skin or an obvious deformity (in severe fractures only) Non-surgical treatments may include the following: R.I.C.E. It is the smaller of the two leg bones extending between the knee and ankle and is sometimes referred to as the calf bone. The distal end of the fibula is called the lateral malleolus and is a part of the ankle joint. The pain increases with physical activity, especially when you put weight on the leg. The primary function of the fibula is as a point of attachment for many muscles in the lower leg and as a support to the larger tibia (2). “Runner’s World Magazine”. The injured foot may not be able to bear any weight after the incident [4, 8]. If you’d like to learn more about fibula stress fracture and other common fibular fractures, read on to find out: The fibula is one of four long bones in the body, which include the femur, humerus, and tibia (1). Do you hate crutches? While isolated fibula fractures most often do not require surgery, when the tibia is also fractured, the break has occurred near the ankle, or other muscles and ligaments are injured, more invasive treatment may be necessary (5). The most common symptoms associated with the fibula fracture include: Pain directly over the fibula bone (outside of the leg) Swelling in the area of the fracture Bruising over the site of the injury The amount of time you will be non-weight bearing will depend on how quickly you gain stability in the injured leg and ankle (7). Genu valgum following fractures of the proximal tibial metaphyseal in children. However, most physicians will have patients wait 6 weeks before bearing weight on the leg. A Computerized Tomography (CT) scan or a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scan may be requested to assess for the severity of the injury [1, 8]. Fibula Fracture Treatment Immobilization, either with CAM walker boot or surgery with screws and plates, depends on the distance between the fractured fragments. Traditional crutches allow you to move without putting weight on the injured foot. Fibula Stress Fracture Symptoms. Low-energy, nondisplaced (aligned) fractures, sometimes called toddler’s fractures, occur from minor falls and twisting injuries. (Recovery: at least 6 Weeks), Tibia-fibula fractures: These injuries result in fractures of both of the long bones in the lower leg. However, they can be cumbersome and require the use of your hands and arms. The inner side of the ankle is unaffected. The main symptom of a fibula bone stress fracture is pain around the area affected or general lower part of the leg. DH Bahnson and WW Lovell. It is caused by a pronation-external rotation mechanism. Visible deformity. Surgery may also be required if the injury is more complex and involves the tibia, ankle, and/or other muscles and ligaments. Take our quick online test to find out if iWALK2.0 will work for you: Fibula Fractures – Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, Surgery and Recovery, https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/315565.php, https://hartfordhospital.org/services/bone-joint-institute/conditions/sports-injuries/fractured-fibula, https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/broken-leg/symptoms-causes/syc-20370412, https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/tibia-and-fibula-fractures, https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/treatment-tests-and-therapies/tibiafibula-fracture-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation, https://abilityrehabilitation.com/physical-therapy/rehab-broken-fibula/, https://www.starspt.org/give-broken-fibula-boot/, https://www.livestrong.com/article/162263-symptoms-of-a-broken-fibula/, https://allproorthopedics.com/blog/broken-fibula-needs-time-and-patience/. New advances in hands-free crutch technology, such as iWALK2.0 allow a person to be non-weight bearing with the use of their arms and hands. There may be effusion or hemarthrosis if intra-articular structures of the knee are injured. . fibular head fracture, a break near the knee. Fibula fractures can either be complete, when the break goes through the whole bone, or incomplete, when the break does not go fully through the bone. An x-ray is the most common test that is requested because of its availability. It sits slightly behind and to the outside of the tibia and is vulnerable to breaks because of its size. There are some instances when weight can be put on the ankle right away. stress fracture, a hairline fracture due to repetitive injury. Fibula fractures are a common injury to the smaller of the two bones that comprise the lower leg. More information is on the next page. Fibrous interposition causing valgus deformity after fracture of the upper tibial metaphysis in children. Some minor fibula stress fractures can completely heal with this simple regiment. It is normal to have mild pain and swelling for 3-6 months. Common Symptoms for Fractures of The Fibula. Computed tomography (CT) scans are a painless test that shows a cross-sectional image of the limb. Swelling or bruising at the affected region. The fracture may occur anywhere along the bone between the knee and ankle. Numbness and coldness in the foot. It is very important to follow up with your physician regularly to be sure your injury is healing correctly. However, the fibula only has to support between 14 and 17 percent of the body’s weight, while the larger tibia supports much more. Fortunately, there are other alternatives on the market. Swelling or bruising at the affected region. Tibia and fibula fractures are characterized as either low-energy or high-energy. There may be instances when the injury requires that a screw or nail be inserted into the middle of the bone to hold it in place. Physical therapy will help to strengthen the surrounding muscles, prevent atrophy, and restore normal joint movement and flexibility. Crutches Don’t Have to Be…. Acquired valgus deformity of the tibia in children. While fibula fractures don’t receive the notoriety that breaks of the tibula or femur garner, breaks to the fibula have made front page news since Oakland Raiders quarterback, Derek Carr, suffered a devastating broken fibula during their game on Christmas Eve of 2016. If surgery was necessary, immediately following you will most likely wear a splint on your injured leg. This bone serves as an anchor point for several ligaments and muscles in the leg and ankle [3]. A knee scooter requires less upper body strength than crutches but are not ideal for movement on stairs, in small areas or uneven terrain. To learn more about the iWALK2.0, click here. As with most injuries, fibular fractures can range from moderate to severe, depending on how the injury occurred, the individual’s overall health, and the patient’s willingness to follow the doctor’s recovery recommendations. In addition, physical therapy may be prescribed while you are in your splint, cast or boot. Non-weight bearing regimen: As with many injuries to the lower extremities, doctors will often recommend a period of non weight bearing activity where no weight can be put on the injured leg or foot. The proximal end of the fibula does not reach the knee joint while its distal end is a component of the ankle joint and contributes to its stability. The larger the distance between the fractured fragments, the more immobilization is required, because healing depends on the hematoma fitting the space between the fractured fragments. Swelling is often worse at the end of the day. It will be able to show if the fibula has been broken and if there is a displacement on this bone. This injury tends to occur when the ankle twists or bends awkwardly.

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