The Protestant Reformation was a series of events that happened in the 16th century in the Christian Church. Thomas More (1478-1535) is executed on the orders of Henry VIII for refusing to support the English Reformation. All links with the Catholic Church were broken and Anglicanism became the religion of England. 0000044074 00000 n

Amid turmoil and uncertainty, discovery and enlightenment began to flourish … then along came Martin Luther, who turned enlightenment to a Reformation … that was all … Martin Luther (1483-1546) posts his 95 Theses on the door of Wittenburg Cathedral, in protest at the Catholic doctrine of indulgences and formally begins the Protestant Reformation. 0000002474 00000 n

All rights reserved. Luther debates Johann Eck (1486-1543), arguing that sola scriptura (scripture alone) is the basis for Christian faith and doctrine. Martin Luther died in Eisleben, Germany.

Publication of the Confessio Augustana or Augsburg Confession, outlining Lutheran theology and practice. 0000044627 00000 n Martin Luther published ‘To the Christian Nobility of the German Nation’.

Printed in English it was compiled by a number of English scholars that had fled England under Mary I and sought refuge in Geneva, Switzerland. v�4p�PP�g�v0e���Ŭ¹A���y��S,m�)"@]� ��8#�zaw��*�֗@��w �bc� endstream endobj 412 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/Index[38 339]/Length 34/Size 377/Type/XRef/W[1 1 1]>>stream Reformation, also called Protestant Reformation, the religious revolution that took place in the Western church in the 16th century. This is sometimes called the English Reformation. The 39 Articles of the Church of England are first published, giving a summary of Anglican doctrine and practice. Publication of the Geneva Bible - the first translation in English to use verse and chapter divisions. 0000001393 00000 n In The Christian Nobility of the German Nation, Luther outlined the doctrine of the Priesthood of all believers and denied the authority of the Pope to interpret, or confirm interpretation of the Bible. By the end of the 20th century, Reformation theology declined dramatically in the Western world, being assaulted by 19th-century liberal theology on the one hand, and the influence of Arminian theology on the other. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

An interactive timeline of before, during, and after the Reformation that was, is, and always will be All About Jesus. © 2015-2020 The Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod. In one of his works, “The Christian Nobility of the German Nation”, Luther states his philosophy that the interpretation of the Bible should not be limited to priests only, thus denouncing the authority o… h�b```b``Mf`e`�igd@ A��O�i���O``(��M3���������Hb�e�&�S���^��:��UoZ�b���e�C�0���vtt��b�耂� �f`̌Ҋ@l

On refusing to recant, he is declared a heretic and formally excommunicated from the Catholic Church by Pope Leo X. Frederick III, Elector of Saxony ensures that Luther is taken to the Wartburg Castle for his own safety.

Parts of Poland, Hungry and Germany are reconverted from Protestantism to Catholicism.

Louis XIV (1638-1715) revokes the edict, leading to an exodus of Protestants from France. John Knox helped to establish a Protestant Church of Scotland. 0000001736 00000 n

About 376 monasteries fell into this category. At the Synod, Five point Calvinism is upheld in opposition to Arminianism. 0000014289 00000 n

1520 :- Luther publishes his works. The Village Church | Oct 12, 2017 . 0000051268 00000 n The story is traditionally told that Martin Luther nailed his 95 theses to the door of the castle church in Wittenberg but this is now disputed as being symbolic rather than an actual act.

0000053413 00000 n The bubonic plague had claimed the lives of about 75 million people from 1347 to 1351. Instead it led to the establishment of Protestantism, one of the three major branches of Christianity. Luther appears at the Diet before Charles V, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, to to answer charges of heresy. Despite advances and transformations in science and society, politics and publication, God was working. William Tyndale (c. 1494-1536) publishes a translation of the New Testament in English. All rights reserved. 1415. This bible was an English translation that was authorised by. Both parties are unable to come to an agreement, with Luther defending his view of a Sacramental Union of the body and blood and the bread and wine as opposed to the symbolic view of Zwingli.

The Thirty-Nine Articles establishes a more Calvinist form of Reformation in England; 1572 — St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre of Protestant Huguenots in France, August 24–September 17; 1573 — Jacob Andreae publishes Six Christian Sermons; Roman Confutation of the Augsburg Confession finally published; 1574 — Crypto-Calvinists fully exposed in Wittenberg

The Reformation timeline is next marked by Frederick the Wise, born 1463[3]. 0000007127 00000 n It was the first mechanically printed, mass produced bible.

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