In the English language, main or principal verbs may be classified into five categories: Copular Intransitive Transitive Ditransitive Ambitransitive Copular Verbs The first type of verb in English is the copular verb. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, taxed { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, Buy is complemented by a direct object (the person or thing being acted upon) and optionally an indirect object (the receiver or beneficiary of the action). var googletag = googletag || {}; / He sang a song to me. Also see (Aarts (Huddleston 4 §8.2.1). expires: 60 Huang, Chu-Ren & Ahrens, Kathleen. is writing When the direct object is a personal pronoun like it or them, the indirect object is restated as a prepositional phrase at the end of the clause. collect      The boy collected the eggs for us. lend   They lent him some money. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, submit  He submitted his plan to his coworkers. s = "" + date_ddmonthyyyy(new Date(d1)); These verbs can be used in passive voice. is buying Hi I know this is an old post but i dont know if you still wonder wether a verb is mono- or di-transitive. // Original code from var pbjs = pbjs || {}; iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); Here, the indirect object is the beneficiary—the person or entity that benefits from the situation expressed by the predicate. var pbTabletSlots = [ if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) Grammar-Quizzes › Verb Phrases › Verb Complements › Ditransitive Verbs (indirect object). / They threw a ball to him. owe   They owed him some money. iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); userIds: [{ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, Huang, Han-Chun. / He baked a cake for me. The first object is called the indirect objectOpens in new window because it is indirectly affected by the verb. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, },{ bake   He baked me a cake. / They gave a prize to him. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, 2015. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, He hit me with a stick. A few verbs are of both types at once, like read: compare I read, I read a magazine, and this magazine reads easily. Diransitive verbs can occur within passive constructions. is 00098G. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, In this case the recipient is the direct object rather than the indirect object of the clause. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "ditransitive"); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "language"); Speakers often prefer to state the recipient as an indirect object rather than a prepositional phrase If the direct object is lengthy (if the verb permits) . ² (1) sing for someone – the listener enjoys the song (benefits); (2) the singer sings in place of another person who is unable to do so. The prepositional phrase means the same but functions differently from the indirect object² in passive constructions. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, fabricate     They fabricated a new design for the company. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: '' }}, / He sang his new song for us. googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); / She bought some ice cream for me. priceGranularity: customGranularity, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); // will not work correctly for documents last modified in the 1990s {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600]] } },


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